Raja Ampat, is a regency and groups of islands that located in the tip of Bird’s Head Peninsula on the island of New Guinea, precisely in West Papua province. Raja Ampat has 610 islands, which is only 35 islands that have been inhabited, the rest areun inhabited and even nameless. The famous islands in Raja Ampat are Misool island, Salawati, Batanta, and Waigeo island.
The area of Raja Ampat is often touted as the best reef areas in the world. The marine biota has beauty that can easily captivated by the tourists.
The origin name of Raja Ampat,according to local myth, is coming from a woman who found seven eggs. Four grains of which hatch into four princes who separated and each became the king who ruled in Waigeo, Salawati, East Misool and West Misool. Meanwhile, three other eggs became a ghost, a woman, and a stone. The names of the kings are:
- War became king in Waigeo
- Bethany became king in Salawati
- Dohar became king in Lilinta
- Mohamad became king in Waigama
Raja Ampat islands are the potential place to be the greatest tourism object relating their marine spots. Raja Ampat Islands, according to various sources, is one of the 10 best waters for diving sites around the world. In fact, it may also be recognized as number one for the completeness of underwater flora and fauna at this time. According to Conservation International, marine surveys suggest that the marine life diversity in the Raja Ampat area is the highest recorded on Earth. The diversity is considerably greater than any other area sampled in the Coral Triangle composed of Indonesia, Philippines and Papua New Guinea. The Coral Triangle is the heart of the world’s coral reef biodiversity, making Raja Ampat quite possibly to be the richest coral reef ecosystems in the world.